Water is the most basic natural resource. Its availability controls not only the distribution and health of plant and animal communities but also the extent and ultimate longevity of human cultures and economies in a given area. Throughout much of the western United States and particularly in the arid regions of Nevada and Utah, knowledgeable use of water is required for long-term occupation and economic growth as well as the health and productivity of the natural environment. The primary water resource in most arid regions lies below Earth’s surface in the form of groundwater, and in the Great Basin, significant quantities of groundwater lie beneath most basins. Sustainable development of these resources depends on an accurate understanding of the groundwater system.

Experiencing Basement Flooding?

The UGS is asking Utah homeowners to report flooding that may be due to shallow groundwater. The information will be compiled into a public database for future hazard mapping reference.

Groundwater Monitoring

The UGS developed the Groundwater Monitoring Data Portal to store and distribute large quantities of monitoring data acquired through the West Desert Groundwater Monitoring-Well Project (including Snake Valley) and other projects.

Learn More About Groundwater in Utah

Highlighted Scientific Publications

Report of Investigation 282

Time Series Analyses of a Great Basin Groundwater-Fed Wetland Complex, Juab County, Utah: Climate Effects on Groundwater-Dependent Wetlands

Special Study 165

Characterization of the Groundwater System in Ogden Valley, Weber County, Utah, with Emphasis on Groundwater–Surface-Water Interaction and the Groundwater Budget

Public Interest Articles

GeoSights, Anniversary Edition UGS Anniversary 2024
Ricks Spring, Cache County Springs 2024
Climatically Controlled Water Supply in the Bryce Canyon Region? Groundwater 2024
The Utah Flux Network Groundwater 2022
Groundwater Monitoring Well Installation at Sevenmile Canyon Near Arches National Park Groundwater Monitoring 2021
The Role of Water Quality and Quantity on Future Development Near Bryce Canyon National Park Groundwater 2021
An In-depth Look at Ogden Valley's Groundwater Groundwater 2020
Crystal Geyser, Grand County Water 2018
Does Utah really use more water than any other state? Water 2018
Monroe’s “Sweet” Groundwater Points to Contamination Source Water 2018
Monitoring Groundwater Response to Large-Scale Juniper Treatments Water 2018
UGS’s Role in Contributing Water-Quality Data to the National Ground-Water Monitoring Network Groundwater 2017
Deep Nitrate in an Alluvial Valley: Potential Mechanisms for Transport Groundwater 2015
UGS Groundwater & Spring Flow Monitoring in Snake Valley Groundwater 2014
Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area, Beaver County Water 2014
Gandy Warm Springs, Millard County Water 2013
Using Aquifers for Water Storage in Cache Valley Water 2013
Establishing Baseline Water Quality in the Southeastern Uinta Basin Water 2013
What do environmental tracers tell us about groundwater in Snake Valley? Groundwater 2011
Utah Geological Survey’s West Desert Ground-Water Monitoring Network: Progress Report Groundwater 2010
Modeling Ground-Water Flow in Cedar Valley Groundwater 2010
Unusually High Nitrate Concentrations in Southern Sanpete County’s Ground Water Groundwater 2009
Geothermal Energy Development in Utah Geothermal Energy 2008
Cascade Springs, Wasatch County Water 2008
Ground-Water Monitoring in Utah’s West Desert Groundwater 2007
Proposed Ground-water Withdrawal in Snake Valley Groundwater 2006
Groundwater Water 2006
Pilot Project Shows Promise for Aquifer Storage and Recovery Groundwater 2005
The Midway Hot Pots – Natural Hot Springs, Wasatch County Water 2004
New Aquifer Storage and Recovery Project, Ogden Area Groundwater 2003
Cache Valley sensitivity and vulnerability to pesticides Groundwater 2002
Hydrologic Cycle Specific to Utah Water 1999
Do I have to travel all the way to Yellowstone, or can I see beautiful hot springs here in Utah? Water 1998
Thermal Springs in Utah Water 1995

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