Water is the most basic natural resource. Its availability controls not only the distribution and health of plant and animal communities but also the extent and ultimate longevity of human cultures and economies in a given area. Throughout much of the western United States and particularly in the arid regions of Nevada and Utah, knowledgeable use of water is required for long-term occupation and economic growth as well as the health and productivity of the natural environment. The primary water resource in most arid regions lies below Earth’s surface in the form of groundwater, and in the Great Basin, significant quantities of groundwater lie beneath most basins. Sustainable development of these resources depends on an accurate understanding of the groundwater system.
Experiencing Basement Flooding?
The UGS is asking Utah homeowners to report flooding that may be due to shallow groundwater. The information will be compiled into a public database for future hazard mapping reference.
The UGS developed the Groundwater Monitoring Data Portal to store and distribute large quantities of monitoring data acquired through the West Desert Groundwater Monitoring-Well Project (including Snake Valley) and other projects.
Learn More About Groundwater in Utah
The hydrologic cycle unique to Utah is key in how groundwater behaves, recharges, and affects residents in the state.
Aquifers storing groundwater vary based on their geologic makeup and flow characteristics. Learn more about their effect on the water table, wells, and springs.
Groundwater quality in Utah is good in most places. Learn more about dissolved solids, water quality tracers, and water quality protection.
It is important to monitor groundwater levels. An increase or decrease in groundwater levels can cause flooding, subsidence, or ground cracking.
Highlighted Scientific Publications
Time Series Analyses of a Great Basin Groundwater-Fed Wetland Complex, Juab County, Utah: Climate Effects on Groundwater-Dependent Wetlands
Hydrogeology of Round Valley, Wasatch County, Utah
Characterization of the Groundwater System in Ogden Valley, Weber County, Utah, with Emphasis on Groundwater–Surface-Water Interaction and the Groundwater Budget
Mapping groundwater quality and chemistry adjacent to Great Salt Lake, Utah
Public Interest Articles
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