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UTAH WETLANDS

The Utah Geological Survey (UGS) is part of an ongoing effort to develop a comprehensive, statewide wetland mapping program with the goal of updating spatial data for wetland resources across the state. All Utah wetlands are mapped to National Wetland Inventory (NWI) standards developed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; however, mapping is not meant to be used as the basis for a jurisdictional wetland delineation. Riparian spatial data are also available for parts of the state where integrated riparian-wetland mapping has occurred. This map contains the most up-to-date NWI data for the state as well as additional information on wetland resources in the state, including links to reports from wetland field assessment studies and distributional data for sensitive amphibian species. See Database Contents for more information on the data in this map.


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BOUNDARIES

River basins and subbasins

Basins and subbasin watershed boundaries were obtained from the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) 6-digit and 8-digit Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC) boundaries and clipped to the Utah state boundary.

WETLAND AND RIPARIAN MAPPING

Wetland and riparian polygons, wetland outlines, and riverine features

Wetlands and riparian spatial data were produced from a combination of aerial imagery examination and on-the-ground assessment and are not meant to be used as the basis for a jurisdictional wetland delineation. Data are derived from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) and are up-to-date as of December 14, 2021. NWI attributes wetlands with codes from the Cowardin Classification System; codes can be interpreted online. Polygons mapped as riverine are in a separate layer from other wetland features because of the large size of the data. Riverine features depict predominantly unvegetated habitat contained within a natural or artificial channel. Riparian data depict non-wetland areas along streams, rivers, and lakes that have distinct or distinctly more vigorous vegetation compared to adjacent areas. Mapping follows standards laid out in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2009). Riparian features were mapped in conjuction with wetland features to produce a seamless dataset in the project areas where they were mapped.

Mapping metadata

Metadata are a description of wetland and riparian mapping projects, including the scale at which mapping was conducted and the imagery year used for the mapping. Some mapping projects include supplemental map information that describes the projects in more detail. The riparian metadata also depicts the project boundaries where riparian mapping has occurred. Other wetland mapping projects do not include riparian data.

HYDRIC SOIL CLASSES

The hydric soil classes data were produced by the Natural Resources Consevation Service and depict soils that are saturated for periods of time long enough to create wetland conditions. This data layer is maintained by ESRI.

LANDSCAPE DATA

The landscape dataset summarizes information relevant to Utah’s wetlands at five spatial scales. These data allow us to understand where and what kinds of wetlands are in Utah, who owns those wetlands, how ownership patterns differ from overall land ownership patterns, and locations that have potentially restorable wetlands. These data also summarize trends in groundwater and surface water resources across the state. The data and a more detailed description of how they were developed are available via download.

WETLAND CONDITION

Wetland assessment projects

The UGS has conducted field studies to evaluate the condition and potential function of Utah’s wetlands using the Utah Rapid Assessment Procedure. These projects provide baseline information on the types of wetlands, abundance and severity of common stressors, and rare and common wetland plants in each project area. The wetland assessments project layer shows the boundaries where assessment projects have taken place, years when field data were collected, a link to the associated reports when available, and information about project study design.

Wetland assessment results

The wetland assessment results dataset summarizes major findings from UGS wetland surveys. Results are organized by strata, which were based on ecoregions or watersheds, depending on the project. Only results from projects where sites were selected and surveyed using a random design are included in this dataset. The data and a more detailed methodology are available via download.

WETLAND-DEPENDENT SPECIES

Sensitive amphibian ranges and habitat

County-level data on species’ ranges were compiled from the Utah Conservation Data Center (2017) and the National Amphibian Atlas (U.S. Geological Survey, 2014). Final presence/absence designations for each county where the two sources disagreed were based on a combination of literature review and best professional judgment. Elevation range and habitat descriptions were developed through consultation with three primary sources (Green and others, 2014; IUCN, 2017; AmphibiaWeb, 2018) and additional literature review.

LAND OWNERSHIP

Land ownership data are maintained by the Bureau of Land Management and the State of Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration and are described in more detail here.

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Disclaimer

This product represents a compilation of information from both the Utah Geological Survey and external sources. The Utah Department of Natural Resources, Utah Geological Survey, makes no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding its suitability for a particular use. The Utah Department of Natural Resources, Utah Geological Survey, shall not be liable under any circumstances for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages with respect to claims by users of this product.

Wetlands spatial data were produced from a combination of aerial imagery examination and on-the-ground assessment and are not meant to be used as the basis for a jurisdictional wetland delineation. Wetlands across much of the state were mapped in the 1980s at a coarse resolution; some wetlands may have been inadvertently omitted and other wetlands may no longer exist or may not be considered jurisdictional. Please contact your local U.S. Army Corps of Engineers office if you are unsure of the status of a wetland on your property.

County-level data on species’ ranges were compiled from the Utah Conservation Data Center (2017) and the National Amphibian Atlas (U.S. Geological Survey, 2014); however, species may be found outside of the listed counties, elevation ranges, and habitat types.

References

AmphibiaWeb, 2018, AmphibiaWeb: Berkeley, California, University of California, online,https://amphibiaweb.org/, accessed January 2018.

Green, D.M., Weir, L.A., Casper, G.S., and Lannoo, M., 2014, North American amphibians− distribution and diversity: Berkeley, University of California Press, 600 p.

IUCN, 2017, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species−version 2017-3: online, http://www.iucnredlist.org, accessed March 2018.

Menuz, 2015, Landscape integrity model for Utah’s wetlands: Salt Lake City, Utah Geological Survey, 50 p., available online.

Utah Conservation Data Center, 2017, Utah’s state listed species by county: Online,https://dwrcdc.nr.utah.gov/ucdc/ViewReports/sslist.htm, accessed March 2018.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2009), A system for mapping riparian areas in the western United States: Arlington, 43 p.

U.S. Geological Survey, 2014, National amphibian atlas−version number 3.0: Laurel, Maryland, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center: Online,www.pwrc.usgs.gov/naa, accessed March 2018.